Ketchup is America's favorite condiment, being found in 97 percent of kitchens. Studies show tomato ketchup can also be a powerful tool in the fight against cancer and heart disease. You might be surprised to learn that ketchup is not limited to plain tomatovarieties.
The word ketchup is derived from the Chinese ke-tsiap, a pickled fish sauce. It made its way to Malaysia where it became kechapand ketjap in Indonesia.
Seventeenth century English sailors first discovered the delights of this Chinese condiment and brought it west. Ketchup was first mentioned in print around 1690.
The Chinese version is actually more akin to a soy or Worcestershire sauce. It gradually went through various changes, particularly with the addition of tomatoes in the 1700s. By the nineteenth century, ketchup was also known as tomato soy.
Early tomato versions were much thinner with a consistency more like a soy or Worcestershire sauce.
F. & J. Heinz Company began selling tomato ketchup in 1876. By the end of the nineteenth century,tomato ketchup was the primary type of ketchup in the United States, and the decriptor of tomato was gradually dropped.
Catsup and catchup are acceptable spellings used interchangably with ketchup, however, ketchup is the way you will find it listed in the majority of cookbooks.